Thailand ACMECS – Human resources development
Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency (TICA),Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Cambodia, LaoPDR, Myanmar, Vietnam (CLMV) and Thailand
Human resource development and capacity building projects/activities provided to member countries in other seven areas of cooperation : trade and investment facilitation, agricultural cooperation, industrial and energy cooperation, transport linkages, tourism cooperation, public Health, and environment.
To bridge development gaps between Thailand and Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, based on each country's comparative advantages with the recognition of the needs of partnership building to grow and prosper together through a multi-sectoral approach. In addition it is hoped to address economic disparity within ASEAN, foster income-generating activities and carry out practical, result-oriented development projects to achieve sustainable development, including poverty reduction, in line with the Millennium Development Goals.
TICA has been designated as a core agency for the Human Resource Development theme which is aimed to enhance capacity building of the people and institutions in the member countries of ACMECS to prepare them for global competitiveness. The implementation of such theme also helps initiate measures to develop HRD strategy that is regionally competitive. In this regard, the activities under HRD include short-term training courses, long-term study scholarships, as well as dispatch of experts to member countries of ACMECS. The Thai line Ministries related to the seven areas are the implementing agencies for HRD activities by transferring their technical know-how and best-practices. While TICA is a coordinating and funding agency for the line Ministries and member countries. CLMV will propose their needs and participate in the HRD activities.
Moreover, in response to emerging regional issues, infectious diseases, all member countries signed ACMECS Leaders' Declaration on Partnership in Combating Avian Influenza and Other Infectious Diseases in November 2005. ACMECS Health Sector's Plan was developed and various mechanisms have been implemented by Thailand to share her successful experiences in public health and disease control to other members. These include, for example, surveillance and laboratory capacity building, information sharing on disease surveillance systems, cross-border disease control, and HRD.
Partnership programme has also been promoted while Thailand and Vietnam signed MOU on vocational training development for the ACMECS countries in November 2008.
More than 200 common and bilateral projects between members have completed or been undergoing in all areas of cooperation. Subsequently, among the member countries, there are increasing cross-border trade activities and income, reducing socio-economic disparities, improving agricultural productivity and market access, as well as joint manoeuvre such as agricultural production and research, infrastructure development and utilization of energy and industrial resources. In addition, transport linkages among members have been developed to facilitate trade, investment, agricultural and industrial production, and tourism, capacity of people and institutions have been built to cope with the global and regional challenges, and national and regional preparedness and response capacity have been enhanced to prevent and control the spread of infectious diseases.
Regarding to HRD sector,during 2007-2009 , 283 participants attended short course training and 483 long-term study fellowships in seven areas have been provided by Thailand to the other members : Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam. These have created linkages between agencies concerned among ACMECS member countries in all areas, knowledge and experiences exchange, and academic institutions in Thailand countries could respond to regional needs of the receiving countries.
At the policy level, ACMECS Summit and Ministerial Meeting s have been held every two years, where the ACMECS leaders sign the Summit Declaration that spell-out, in every areas of cooperation, common benefits, significant outcomes, review and progress, common needs of ACMECS countries and future direction for implementation.
At the implementation level, the Ten-Year Economic Cooperation Strategy Plan of Action (ECSPA) was mutually designed at the beginning in 2003, and progress of its implementation has been reviewed every two years. The proposed programs, projects and cooperation arrangements are divided into phases : immediate-to-short term (2003-2005), medium term (2006-2008) and long term (2009-2012). Close coordination among the ACMECS countries is encouraged through convening of each sector Working Group regularly to discuss and update implementation's progress.
ACMECS projects is primarily using the self-help principle to make the best use of all resources available, at the same time, the Development Partners' participation in the project implementation is also promoted while the list of flagship projects have been identified. Harmonization is also emphasized by drafting of the Guidelines for Development Partners' Participation and initiating ACMECS plus Development Partners working level meetings.
Capacity of related personnel and institutions in the ACMECS member countries have been enhanced in all sectors of cooperation, for example,
• Trade & Investment : facilities and services in banking, trade transaction and custom as well as trade and investment policy and regulations.
• Agriculture : information sharing in animal disease control and quarantine inspection procedures of cross-border agricultural products; and technology transfer in agricultural production to increase productivity, food security and food safety.
• Industrial and Energy : development of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and promotion of best practices and appropriate standards, and competitiveness of SMEs along the borders.
• Transport Linkages : advancement of technical cooperation.
• Tourism : advancement of the simplification of immigration procedures to promote cross border travel within the ACMECS countries, HRD for tourism marketing, planning and management.
• Public Health : establishment of national and regional surveillance and response capacity, prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases at cross-border, and collaborative efforts among ACMECS countries on human capacity building, information sharing and disease surveillance, prevention and control at cross-border.
• Environment :conservation and utilization of natural and environmental resource and prevention of adverse impact of climate change.
Since the first ACMECS Summit on 12 November 2003 in Bagan, Myanmar.
Name of Primary Contact Person
Mrs. Jitkasem Tantasiri
Title of Primary Contact Person
Director of Thai Cooperation Branch I, Development Cooperation Bureau, Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs,Thailand
Bangkok , Thailand