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Indonesia-Japan – Training on Artificial Insemination of Dairy Cattle

Organization(s)

Singosari National Artificial Insemination Centre (SNAIC) , Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Government of Indonesia (GoI), and Japan International Cooperation Agency/JICA, Government of Japan (GoJ)

Country (ies)

Indonesia, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Viet Nam, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Mongolia, Sudan, Kenya and Zimbabwe

Overview

The strengthening of artificial insemination centre in Indonesia was jointly established by the GoI (Directorate General of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture) and the GoJ (JICA). The project was implemented in Singosari AI Center from 1986 to 2002. The center carried out training program since 1986 and trained 5602 trainees both domestic and overseas.

To better share Indonesian experiences in artificial insemination with other countries, GOI and GoJ agreed to conduct "Development Countries Training Course of Artificial Insemination on Dairy Cattle" under the JICA's Third Country Training Program.

Background

Artificial Insemination on cattle has been started in Indonesia since 1976. The strengthening of artificial insemination center project in Indonesia was jointly operated by the GoI (Directorate General of Livestock Services, MOA) and GoJ (JICA), which was known as Artificial Technical Assistance (ATA – 233) Project. The project was implemented at Singosari AI center and started from 1986 and with several times extension it has terminated in 2002.

The activities of ATA–233 project were to produce frozen semen, progeny test program, and artificial insemination (AI). The transfers of knowledge and technology from Japanese experts to Singosari counterparts have been done successfully by providing trainings in Japan.

Since 1986, SNAIC has conducted several training programs on AI and other related skill such as pregnancy diagnose, reproductive disorder, frozen semen handling, bull master, hay and silage making, bull salon and hoof trimming. These training programs are conducted annually and participated by inseminators from cooperatives, livestock services, privates and university students.

After the ATA – 233 finished, SNAIC continuously carry out the development of AI technology

Supported by intellectual capacity on livestock breeding, SNAIC has been able to apply AI technology and other related technology such as forage processing, sexed frozen semen, fish frozen semen and accredited laboratory and the management, ISO 17025 and ISO 9001: 2008 as well as exporting bovine and caprine semen to Malaysia.

Due to the success of SNAIC in improving the AI technology, JICA appointed SNAIC as the implementing institution of Development Countries Training Course of Artificial Insemination on Dairy Cattle.

This training course shows the strong commitment of Indonesia and Japan to promoting cooperation among developing countries under the framework of South – South CooperationThe purpose of this training program is to provide the participants with the opportunity to upgrade relevant technology and knowledge in the field of artificial insemination.

Through this training, Indonesia's knowledge, technology and experience could be shared with the participating countries.This training course also is a form for Indonesia to
1. Promote the current progress of AI development in Indonesia. 2. Promote the Indonesia's capacities such as agriculture, forestry, wood carving, micro finance, etc. 3. Prove that Indonesia is nice and peaceful country. This training also serves as a means of strengthening cooperation, friendship and solidarity among developing countries.At the end of this course, the participants are expected
1. To have an acquired relevant technique and knowledge of Artificial Insemination based on theory and practices. 2. To learn other subjects that related with Artificial Insemination, such as: animal breeding, feeding management, handling of frozen semen, animal reproduction and health, animal disorder and its control. 3. To have better understanding of the management and organization of Artificial Insemination. After the initial phase of this training course has finished in 2009, this course was now being upgraded through J-SEAM (formed JARCOM) process where beneficiary countries needs are matched with capacity of resources countries.

Implementation

The course is sponsored by the GOI under the framework of Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (TCDC) programme, in cooperation with the GoJ through JICA, under the Third Country Training Programme (TCTP).

This training course has been properly arranged to conduct discussions and observations for comparative studies on similar conditions of participating countries. Hopefully the participant can make a best use of training and acquire the information relating to the appropriate application of artificial insemination.

This training is also a form of people to people contact that complements the existing government to government relations.

The GOI gives the opportunity to the government of third countries to participate this training course. The participants of this training are Government Official from Developing Countries, with the following qualifications

1. Nominated by their respective government.
2. Have adequate basic knowledge and working experience in the field related to the course (artificial insemination)
3. Hold a degree/advance diploma/technical certificate in Veterinary Science, Animal Science or Animal Husbandry or an equivalent academic background.

Participants of this training were proposed by their respective government, and selected by GOI, JICA and Implementing Agency. In general, most participants came from the relevant institutions and had related backgrounds and experiences in the field of artificial insemination, only 25% of overall participants did not meet the criteria. However they still worked in field of livestock. The training course has been successfully carried out from 2007 to 2009
• 2007: 20 participants from 12 countries.
• 2008: 18 participants from 10 countries.
• 2009: 19 participants from 13 countries

Outcomes

This course aims to improve human resources in developing countries. Therefore, this course used integrated learning system between theory and practice, with ratio 40% theory and 60% practice.The training activities consist of
1. Class Session (Theory)
2. Practice Session:
• AI in Slaughter House
• AI in the field (Collaborated with local dairy cooperatives)

Based on the result of Pre and Post Tests there have been increases of participant's knowledge. This may indicate that this training has delivered useful knowledge and information to all participants.

Realizing the importance of the management and development human resources, after the third training course in 2009, three of beneficiary countries (Viet Nam, Sudan and Zimbabwe) requested the same training for their technicians.

To improve human resources of livestock particularly in the field of artificial insemination, SNAIC continuously carried out training program for local technicians.

However the management and development of human resources should be placed as the priority in the development efforts. To achieve this idea , GoI (State Secretariat and Ministry of Foreign Affair) proposed an improved training course in 2009 at J-SEAM (Japan-Southeast Asia Meeting on South-South Cooperation, formerly JARCOM) in order to narrow the regional gaps of ASEAN member countries. The course is projected to invite ASEAN-CLMV countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam) and other developing countries.

To enhance the ex – participant capability in the field of animal reproduction, SNAIC plans to propose an improved training program (Pregnancy Diagnose and Reproductive Disorder) as the follow up of the previous one. This training is provided for the ex – participant who still involved in the field of artificial insemination.

Currently a fact finding mission is now being prepared by the GoI, by which the training course can be tailored to the situation of beneficiary countries.

Aid Effectiveness

This training program influenced to the improvement of participants' knowledge and skill.

The knowledge and skill gained during the courses are applicable since the theme and content of courses were in line with the beneficiary countries program.

The course also contributed to the improvement of participants' self confidence in performing services to their organizations and hence promoting the performance of their organizations.

Malaysia as the beneficiary country of this course has adopted the SNAIC experience to carry out training program of Artificial Insemination. Annually the Government of Malaysia conducts this course participated by developing countries, including Indonesia. It has become a challenge for Indonesia to provide better training programs for developing countries independently.

The impact for the implementing institution is the enlargement of SNAIC networking. Nowadays, SNAIC is broadly recognized as the centre of AI training course. The government of Vietnam and Malaysia invited SNAIC to promote Singosari products (frozen semen and training programs) but this invitation was unable to fulfill due to the limitation budget for official visit.

This program also provides the opportunity to SNAIC staff to know as well as understand various cultures from different countries.

During the J-SEEAM process, the needs of beneficiary countries were clearly confirmed. Furthermore, detailed needs will be interwoven to the formulation of the training course by Fact Finding Missions to beneficiary countries. Through this series of processes, the training course will be aligned with the country system of beneficiary countries. Some of the institutions recommended by beneficiary countries are related to JICA project, which are expected to exert collaborative effect between this training and on–going projects.

Capacity Development

This program had contributed to the capacity development of the beneficiary countries in which retain similar solutions as developing countries and it is coherent with the sectoral issues of beneficiary countries, as well as the foreign policy of the government of Indonesia and the direction of JICA including its support to South-South Cooperation. Generally, the TCTPs had contributed to improve the performance of participants and their institution. Some of them had given real contribution in the form of products and activities in the organizations.

This kind of SSC projects has some limitation because of their relatively small magnitude. However, by identifying on–going project where more enabling environment are expected, even small scale project will be able to contribute to the socio–economic development of beneficiary country in more effective manner. In addition, by going through J-SEAM process and succeeding Fact Finding Mission, it is expected that the training course can be clearly identified in the national system, thus contributing to the capacity development of beneficiary country more inclusively and effectively.

Duration

The course was from 2007 – 2009, with detail as follows:• First Batch : February 19th – March 17th, 2007• Second Batch : February 26th – March 24th, 2008• Third Batch : February 16th – March 15th, 2009 The course for 2010 has been proposed by the GoI, and currently under consideration by the Go J

Budget (Optional)

The course was funded by GoJ through JICA and GoI, with the following details: 2007- GOI: 11.200 US GOJ:$ 45.567,5 US $ TOTAL:56.767,5 US $; 2008- GOI: 11.800 US$ GOJ: 56.445 US$ TOTAL: 68.245 US$; 2009- GOI: 12.400 US$ GOJ: 78.045 US$ TOTAL: 90.445 US$

Name of Primary Contact Person

Mrs. Herliantien

Title of Primary Contact Person

Director of Singosari National Artificial Insemination Centre

City

Malang – East Java Province – Indonesia