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Indonesia-Japan – Participatory Agriculture Extension

Organization(s)

Agency for Agricultural Human Resource Development/AAHRD, Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Government of Indonesia (GoI), and Japan International Cooperation Agency/JICA, Government of Japan (GoJ)

Country (ies)

Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Timor Leste, Egypt, Kenya, South Africa

Overview

In line with wide-ranging reforms in 1998—including democratization, decentralization and public governance, the AAHRD decided to modify its training system for agricultural extension officers with the "Bottom-up Approach" by introducing—among others—more participatory trainings, which was successfully disseminated to Indonesian officers by AAHRD in cooperation with JICA.To share the Indonesian experiences with other countries, GOI and GoJ agreed to jointly organize "Training of Trainers for Participatory Training Program on Agricultural Extension Methodology"

Background

Following the 1997/1998 Asian economic crisis, Indonesia engaged into wide-ranging reforms, including democratization, decentralization and public governance. This policy has also seriously affected the long and mid-term agricultural development. The AAHRD has reviewed the role of the agricultural extension program and decided to modify its training system for agricultural extension officers by introducing "more participatory approach" to meet the actual demands of the farmers. To materialize the above-mentioned issue, the AAHRD had started developing an appropriate training methodology in collaboration with JICA in 1999. Throughout the nearly-three-year-efforts, both parties successfully developed a new methodology called "Participatory Agricultural Extension Methodology Training" or MP3 (Metodologi Penyuluhan Pertanian Partisipatif) to empower not only agricultural extension officers, but also the farmers. Since that time, the global economic climate has changed. In the field of agriculture, farmers have been very concerned about agribusiness oriented issues. Because of this tendency, the AAHRD decided to modify the methodology by appending the concepts so as to match the farmers' needs: marketing, group forming, managing resources/inputs/outputs, etc. In October 2003, the AAHRD and JICA agreed to create a new project, namely: "The Project for Training of Agricultural Extension Officers on Improvement of Farm Management", which incorporates the main concept of the previous project. They also agree to disseminate the methodology nationwide. To better disseminate more widely, and based on discussion notes between the GoI with GoJ in September 2008, both governments have agreed to jointly organize "Training of Trainers for Participatory Training Program on Agricultural Extension Methodology" for 3 (three) years started from 2008 to 2010. The Training Of Trainers for Participatory Training Program on Agricultural Extension Methodology (Batch 1) was implemented on November 9th - 22nd , 2008 and the Second Batch was implemented on November 8th - 21st , 2009. The purpose of the project is to enhance the participant's capability of practicing participatory training methodology on agricultural extension, so that they could better understand the problems/constrains in rural and agricultural communities, find key success factors of farmers and farmer groups and introduce those factors to neighboring farmers group and communities to upgrade their agricultural production and quality of life. At the end of the course, the participants are expected:

a. To improve and upgrade their knowledge on implementing participatory training program on agricultural extension.
b. To have better understanding of agriculture development program & activities in Indonesia, particularly the farmer's activities
c. To have shared information, views and experiences among agriculture extension officers in head office and provincial level.

Implementation:

The training course is sponsored by the GoI under the framework of Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (TCDC) programme in cooperation with the GoJ under the Third Country Training Programme (TCTP).

Outcomes

2008: 14 participants
2009: 17 participants
2010:20 participants from 10 countries are projected.

By having plural participants from each beneficiary country, it is expected that the network of ex-participants will be enhanced, thus training outcome can be more readily disseminated in beneficiary countries and increase sustainability.

Aid Effectiveness

The training institution, The Agency for Agricultural Human Resource Development (AAHRD), is not limited to training project. It also dispatches Indonesian experts to Afghanistan and Madagascar in the field of sustainable agricultural extension methodology, having very positive effects in the beneficiary countries.In terms of aid effectiveness, the skills and experiences provided by the Indonesian experts and training programs are very unique and unavailable in more developed countries where well maintained infrastructure and highly mechanized equipment are required to perform agricultural activities.

Capacity Development

In the future, training programmes are expected to be correlated to on-going projects in beneficiary countries, and followed up by Indonesian experts. By which, skills and experiences of resource countries can be more institutionally utilized and more effectively contributed to the capacity development of beneficiary countries.

Duration

From 2008 to 2010 The implementation of training course: 2008- from Nov.9 to 22, 2008. 2009- from Nov. 8 t0 21, 2009

Name of Primary Contact Person

Ir. Ella Rosilawati K, M.Si.

Title of Primary Contact Person

Head of Division for Agriculture Training Program and Cooperation, Bureau of Agriculture Training Development

City

Indonesia