Capacity Development for Development Effectiveness (CDDE) Facility
• Government of Nepal • Government of Sri Lanka• Government of Bangladesh• Government of Samoa• Green Movement of Sri Lanka / Reality of Aid • INFID Indonesia / Reality of Aid • Member of Parliament of Indonesia / Inter Parliamentary Union • Asian Development Bank• Government of Japan• UNDP• World Bank And a range of other governments and other stakeholders in the region.
Nineteen countries across Asia-Pacific have benefited from the CDDE Facility to date including: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Kiribati, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Vietnam.
The CDDE Facility was set up in response to the request from partner countries that more systematic and predictable support be provided to partner countries grappling with localization and implementation of PD and AAA principles and actions.
The CDDE Facility aims to contribute to the three key results areas
1. Asia and the Pacific signatories will achieve the Paris Declaration targets by 2010 and the AAA actions by the time of the Fourth High Level Forum in 2011.
2. Asia and the Pacific countries establish south–south networks that deliver real improvements in national capacities for development effectiveness.
3. Asia and the Pacific countries contribute to the strengthening of international aid policies and aid architecture.
The CDDE Facility the following key features
1. Initiatives developed by partner country governments and other stakeholders including civil society organizations (CSOs) and parliaments.
2. The Asia–Pacific Aid Effectiveness Community of Practice is a multi-stakeholder group giving emphasis to broadening partnerships as articulated in the Accra Agenda for Action(AAA).
3. Members include representatives from partner country governments, legislature, CSOs, and donor partners.
Partner countries' demand for support to policy implementation. The CDDE Facility was set up in response to the demand from partner countries for continued south-south exchange in the region and for support for national efforts to implement PD principles and AAA outcomes. Partner countries recognised that there was much to be learnt from each other's experience and progress on implementing the PD and AAA and that this was often more of a source for capacity development support than that which was provided by donors with their own corporate interpretations of the requirements of the implementation of aid effectiveness from a donor perspective. This demand was initially articulated in the Asia-Pacific consultation meetings for HLF-3.
International response to the agenda of localization and implementation. ADB, the Government of Japan (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), UNDP- RCB, and the World Bank came up with a concept note to support the process of implementing aid policy and improving results at country level through a harmonized source of support and a country-led governance structure. The foundation of the approach was that space for south-south dialogue and cooperation needed to be provided and donor support should be to facilitate this space not to shape or dominate it.
Countries called for support to be less 'event-driven' and more linked to the capacity development concerns of their country context. Countries articulated a concern that whilst the HLF-3 preparatory process was productive and supportive of their national efforts, peer exchange and other support activities related to the aid effectiveness agenda needed to be sustained beyond the HLF-3 meeting itself, and be considered in a more systematic, longer term programmatic framework. Furthermore, stakeholders articulated a concern that donor engagement now move from a concern with strategy and policy to support for policy implementation.
The CDDE Facility is a partner country led facility and chaired by the Ministry of Education of the Government of Nepal with ADB acting as co-chair. The Steering Committee membership is multi stakeholder with a majority partner country membership - filling 7 out of 10 Steering Committee positions. The Steering Committee approves partner country proposals as part of an annual work plan. All initiatives must be conceived of by at least two partner countries for them to qualify as south-south initiatives and one or more partner countries then must take responsibility for leading (with CDDE Secretariat support) the initiative to its fruition. The interest from stakeholders in participating in the initiatives is dictated by capacity develop requirements and in all cases initiatives are demand led. Political interests also play a role with, for example, countries which have a political imperative for regional partnership seeming to club together more easily (eg Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam in South East Asia).
The CDDE Facility provides partner countries with access to three services
1. Peer-to-peer / south-south: strengthening collaboration in the region
Facilitating sub-regional and thematic peer exchange with technical and small grant assistance, web-based communications, and i-aid services to support collaboration
Improving access to evidence and analysis from the implementation of aid policy in the Asia Pacific region
Provide an annual forum for an aid effectiveness policy makers and practitioners to exchange experience and strategize across countries
2. Knowledge Management and Help Desk: connecting people & knowledge
Improve access to knowledge and expertise horizontally across countries through a cutting edge, knowledge management portal www.aideffectiveness.org, including e-library services and find and expert
Provide a Helpdesk giving a rapid response to ad hoc queries on how to access analysis, expertise, policy process and event information
3. Capacity Development Services: assessing needs & strategies to meet them
Access to capacity assessment tools and good practices
Support for capacity development responses through peer collaboration
1. Asia Pacific Aid Effectiveness Community of Practice and Capacity Development for Development Effectiveness (CDDE) Facility launched, financed and implementation well underway with partner country leadership at the Steering Committee level.
2. Country level partners firmly own and are leading the CDDE Facility's specific initiatives. In the workplan for 2009/10 three south-south initiatives have been completed and two are on-going
3. Knowledge management portal (www.aideffectiveness.org) launched and recognized as a world class resource for aid effectiveness policy makers and practitioners with four countries having completed their own country pages and seven more doing so over the coming weeks
4. CDDE Facility model for South-South Cooperation increasingly recognized as a model of best practice and specifically leading to replication in Africa.
For further information on how impacts are measured and examples of in-country progress see Capacity Development section below
The CDDE Facility was conceived from partner countries' demand for support to policy implementation of PD principles and AAA commitments articulated at the sub-regional Asia-Pacific consultations for HLF-3. These consultations comprised of country delegations including senior officials from central policy ministries (finance, planning and foreign affairs), as well as line ministries (education, health, agriculture and forestry), representatives from civil society organizations, and country-level donor officials -- people responsible for developing and implementing development policies and strategies in their respective countries. All south-south exchanges and processes have entailed significant investment from partner countries in terms of chairing, facilitating and administering activities – hence country partners have firm ownership of CDDE Facility's initiatives. The CDDE Facility has invested in extending partnerships beyond executive the 'usual' departments and individuals in executive government by including specific partnerships with CSOs and Parliaments and considering work with sector and provincial bodies. More still needs to be done in this regard.
Harmonisation and alignmentThe multi-donor approach to the CDDE Facility has been to ensure that donor resources for capacity development support to the implementation of aid policy are pooled in a country-led programme approach. Criteria for supporting initiatives include clear requirements for country leadership, clear linkages and alignment with in-country aid policy processes and explicit monitoring of capacity development outcomes in relation to in-country process. The CDDE Facility also works to ensure that stakeholders at the international level do more to seek views from partner countries on how they want to participate in international aid processes, and how these international processes themselves can be aligned to in-country implementation.
Experience suggests that Managing for Results is one of the hardest PD principles to implement. Many countries have gone to considerable lengths to develop performance assessment frameworks with elaborate lists of indicators, in support of their national development strategies, and to improve the quality of their national survey program. However, administrative and financial data often remain weak, and monitoring data is rarely used by policy makers to improve their policies. The lessons to date suggest that introducing a culture of managing for results requires considerable time and effort. Given that CDDE was conceived in 2008 during the sub-regional Asia-Pacific consultations for HLF3, and launched in March 2009, managing for results is still in the process of being implemented with a special focus on deepening analysis of how regional facilities such as this can support the achievement of results at the country level.
Capacity Development as part of the international aid policy process - The focus on legitimizing the international aid policy process through partner country participation and consultation poses risks to the time and resources available for capacity development for in-country implementation. The CDDE Facility responds to this risk and adds value to international process by integrating capacity development within the international aid policy process. For example the Articulating Voice from the Asia Pacific south-south initiative linked with the Global PD Evaluation process to cut transaction costs for participants - the Initiative combined capacity development through south-south exchange on progress in developing and implementing PD and AAA Action Plans with developing consolidated feedback to the OECD DAC on how partner countries wished to see their participation in HLF-4 facilitated.
The CDDE Facility has established an approach to assessing its impact on national capacities which entails all participating countries articulating capacity development objectives as part of their participation in CDDE supported initiatives. The CDDE Secretariat has begun its follow-up to assess impacts at the national level, and there is emerging evidence of both individual capacities being built, and of individuals using their increased knowledge to strengthen institutional capacities to implement aid information management system (AIMS). Examples include capacities being developed on how to: apply data on aid to decision-making (government in Bangladesh); engage more with government on how AIMS can strengthen accountability (civil society organisation in Cambodia); and obtain more timely and better data on aid from our development partners (government in Viet Nam). The CDDE Secretariat is also exploring how to bring more evidence of change to light through an institutional narrative approach by following change through time – for example how Vietnam officials who participated in the South-South Exchange on Mutual Accountability with Laos and Cambodia then used the conclusions from that exchange to help reshape their aid policy dialogue structure from the Partnership Group on Aid Effectiveness to the Aid Effectiveness Forum.
Strengthening relationships across countries? At an individual level the initiatives have certainly brought officials together in ways that allow for easier communications across countries – for example demonstrating itself through easier use of electronic communications and greater trust in delegating particular roles at international meetings to colleagues from other countries who are trusted to reflect not just their own national interests. However it would be difficult to say whether these changes at the individual level have now scaled up to institutional and organizational changes in relationships across governments. More emphasis could be placed on this as part of CDDE impact monitoring.
Capacity development for aid policy implementation needs a sustained approach. In the immediate lead up to and the follow up from the CDDE launch the staff of supporting international organizations changed significantly in all agencies. When financial support to the CDDE Facility is determined on an annual basis, the threat to the sustainability and medium/long-term focus of the CDDE Facility is seriously undermined by lack of continuity in its international partnerships. It would be of great value to the CDDE Facility and the partner countries it supports if contributions could be committed to a two-year timeframe up to end 2011. This commitment will allow the CDDE Facility to concentrate on responding to country demand, whilst still supporting the international community to develop a more evidence-based and harmonized engagement on aid effectiveness issues.
The CDDE Facility was launched March 2009, it is continuing and demand for its services is increasing --- the current timeframe for results monitoring is up to end 2011.
ADB: 200,000 Government of Japan: 30,000 UNDP: 125,000 World Bank: 50,000 World Bank Institute: 30,000 TOTAL: 435,000
Name of Primary Contact Person
Mr. Lava Awasthi
Title of Primary Contact Person
Joint Secretary, Ministry of Education, Government of Nepal