In the face of global challenges, South-South Cooperation is very important to deepen and broaden the process of strengthening Southern voices. This horizontal partnership is based on trust, mutual benefit, and equity. This study analyzes one of SSC activity: TRAINING OF TRAINERS FOR PARTICIPATORY TRAINING PROGRAM ON AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION METHODOLOGY. This project was done three consecutive years by Government of Indonesia. JICA supported this activity by providing additional fund.
Focus of this project is agricultural development. Agricultural development and democratization are two issues faced by developing countries today. At the beginning, Ministry of Agriculture Republic of Indonesia and JICA had conduct two projects related with this issue: Projects for Improvement Extension and Training System and Project for Training of Agricultural Extension Officers on Improvement of Farm Management. Through these two projects, Ministry of Agriculture discovered a new method in agricultural extension: Participatory Agricultural Extension Methodology.
This is a participatory, democratic and sustainable approach for agricultural development. After successfully applied in Indonesia, Government of Indonesia offered this approach to ASEAN countries. Then, Government of Indonesia and Government of Japan agree to share this experience to other developing countries.
This case showed this training is a good arena to change experience among participants. They also have opportunity to see how agricultural development applied in Indonesia. The also discussed with farmers and agricultural officers at many levels.
This training also a good example to demonstrate cooperation between Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Foreign Affair, and State Secretary Republic of Indonesia. JICA, as co funding of this project, also gave freedom to Ministry of Agriculture to organize this training.
However, this project had no systematic mechanism to monitor impact of the training. Even though the participant was asked to make action plan during the training, there was no mechanism to monitor if the plan was executed or not.
To improve this training, there should be a sound and continuous mechanism to monitor if the result of the training was applied in the participants respective counties. This mechanism is very important to strengthen South-South Cooperation.